Departing the traditional monarchical system of Britain, the founding fathers of U.S. constitution drafted a system where the American citizen had the responsibility and power to select their leader. The key founding fathers of the United States are Benjamin Franklin, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, George Washington and James Madison.
George Washington was elected as first U.S. president in 1789, under this new order. At the time, only white men had rights to cast vote. The 15th, 19th and 26th Constitutional Amendments have expanded the rights for suffrage to all American citizens over 18. This is one of the revolutionary parts of the U.S. history.
Taking place every 4 years, presidential elections have evolved a lot. The election campaigns and role of president has changed over time. The 21st Century presidency is way different than the one created initially. The story of each election—some concluding in one sided trump, others ended by the narrowest margin victories—give a roadmap to the events of U.S. Presidential history.
The first presidential election was held on the in January 1789. No one contested in the election against George Washington. Thus, George Washington became the first President of the United States. Similarly, in the election of 1792, George Washington was chosen as the President.
The election of 1796 was fought between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson. John Adams won this election. The election of 1800 was also held between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, and Thomas Jefferson was elected as the President. The consecutive elections held according to the orders and regulations of the constitution.
The election of 1860 was fought among Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglas, John C. Breckingridge and John Bell. Lincoln won in the Electoral College and became the 16th President of the United States. The election of 1864 was held between Abraham Lincoln and George B. McClellan. Again, Lincoln won in a landslide. President Lincoln was assassinated on April 14, 1865. After that Andrew Johnson became U.S. president.
The fight between presidential candidates continued election after election. Number of white men became the U.S. presidents in the consecutive years. Then in the year 2008 Barak Obama became the first black president of the United States. Each President has contributed something to the history of the United States.